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Main Article Theories about
Adam and Eve
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The names

  • In the Bible, Adam was created from dust. In the Jahwist and Priestly sources for the first five books of Genesis we are told that the Hebrew word for dust (or red earth) is "adamah". (Gen. 2), from which the translation "Adam" comes. The Hebrew word is spelled alef, daled, mem. The words here are a metaphor in themselves for the connection between man and his origins "adam(ah)". Further, it suggests the concept of a cycle - man comes from dust and (as the funeral service notes) returns to dust. This is also written of in Hasidic literature, that Adam was the first to walk the earth and he returned to it. This is a pointer to the fact that time on the Island can be thought of as a cycle, and fits into the comment that Adam and Eve are linked to the Island's "timeline". "Adam" in the Old Testament is actually said not to be a name, but rather the Hebrew word for mankind. "Eve" (Hebrew "Hevah") is also the word for "womb".
  • In the Bible, Eve was created from one of Adam's ribs. The human body has 24 ribs, so the real Adam would have 23 ribs.


The stones

Aande stones

The stones found on the bodies.

  • The stones could be a reference to Urim and Thummim, stones used as a scrying medium or in a divination process by ancient Hebrews.
    • High priests of Israel (Kohen HaGadol) are documented to have used different valuable gems with various inscriptions on them (called Urim and Thummim) to decide God's will and help in decision making. The Urim and Thummim (which translates to Lights and Illuminations), were a black stone and a white stone which the words Urim u'Thummim on them, one word on each stone. The stones were used for revelation in conjunction with the Breastpiece of The High Priest, Hoshen HaMishpat in Hebrew, the Breastpiece of Judgement. The Hoshen was an embroidered work with gemstones, enlayed in gold, affixed to the piece. The piece itself functioned like a pouch. The gemstones numbered 12, one for each tribe of Israel. The names of the tribes were engraved on the stone, and on the three of the stones, the names Avraham, Yitzhak and Yaakov (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) were engraved. Together, the names on all of these gemstones of the breastpiece covered all twenty-one letters of the Hebrew alphabet (some repeated obviously). Inside of the Holy of Holies, the Kadosh Kadoshim, was an eternal flame, Aysh Tamid. When the High Priest would enter the Kadosh Kadoshim the Aysh Tamid would reflect off of the gemstones in a certain manner, illuminating individual letters engraved on the gemstones, thus divining the revelation. The Urim and Thummim were then used for judgment of yes or no answers, removed from the pouch after the illumination of the letters.
    • The Breastpiece of the High Priest was first worn by Aaron, Israel's first high priest. The stones were positioned directly over Aaron's heart to enable him to make the right decision.
    • In Mormon tradition, the Urim and Thummim were used by Joseph Smith to translate the Book of Mormon. They were said to be buried in the Hill Cumorah in Palmyra, NY.
    • These stones play an important role in the book The Alchemist by Brazilian writer Paulo Coelho, which is entirely about destiny, fate, and finding your place in the universe. In the book the main character is given two stones, one white and one black, by a religious being known as "The King". Their names are Urim and Thummim. In the story, the two stones are used to help guide our character to his treasure. When he is in a bind, he asks a yes or no question, and then he pulls out the stones. The stones glow according to the answer. White will glow if the answer is no, and black will glow if the answer is yes.
  • The black and white stones could also be a reference to yin and yang. This ties into the online theories of "twinness" that Rousseau proposed. This also relates to Boone's t-shirt (84), and the original status of Adam and Eve as created from a whole (if Eve was created from Adam's rib, then together they constitute a whole. Apart, like yin and yang, two complementary parts of one). The yin and yang symbol can also be seen in the Hanso Foundation logo.
  • Locke introduces Backgammon as a game where "there are two players; one light, and one dark."
  • The two people died in a suicide pact, and used the stones to determine who would kill the other first, like drawing straws. They commited suicide to avoid some horrible fate (perhaps the Sickness). Jack recognized this and that's why he removed the stones - he didn't want the survivors speculating on what might be so horrible on this island that it would drive a couple to suicide.
    • Jack would not have been able to determine a cause of death- he's a doctor, not a pathologist.
      • You may need to be a pathologist to deduce sickness as cause of death in a 50 year old skeleton, but you wouldn't necessarily need any qualifications to presume a suicide pact when two skeletons are lying side by side in a cave.

Identities

Character(s) Reasoning
A native group (pre-DHARMA). The skeletons could be part of a native group that was on the Island before the DHARMA Initiative. They could have also built the Four-Toed statue.
Survivors from the Black Rock. Adam and Eve could be survivors from the Black Rock, and died later, or could possibly even be their descendants.
Inhabitants of previous stations. * Adam and Eve could be the remains of previous inhabitants of the stations on the Island (specifically The Pearl, which we know had two occupants). They may have fled during an incident and died of the sickness.
  • The bodies in the cave are the result of a failed DHARMA Initiative experiment to try to change one of the Numbers in the Valenzetti Equation. The DHARMA Initiative was trying to prove that Plato was wrong when he wrote Allegory of the Cave. "Adam and Eve" were kept in a controlled environment (such as Room 23) but when they were released they chose to die in the cave.
An earlier group of castaways. The writers may have put the skeletons in the plot line to emphasize that the survivors of Flight 815 are hardly the first (nor last) group of castaways to have ended up on the Island, or to hint that there is no escape from the Island and the rest of your life will be on it.
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. They could be Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan, who were lost while flying. Their bodies were never found, so it is plausible that they crashed on the Island.
  • Two clues in Find 815 may support this theory: a) a website on Sam Thomas's computer titled "Sunda Stories" lists multiple vessels lost in the Sunda Trench, including "1937 - Pilot involved in search for Amelia Earhart disappears off coast of Sumatra," and b) the video clip of Sam tuning the radio in his cabin on the Christiane I where he finds a radio news broadcast from 1937 reporting on Amelia Earhart's missing plane. There is now a website on Sam's computer titled "Amelia Earhart", which may indicated she is important and not just some background info.
Desmond and Penelope. Given the events of "Flashes Before Your Eyes", Penelope could have eventually made her way to the Island and the two could have died with each other, finally being together. As well, this may be another case for the possible "Lost Time" clue. What is also worth mentioning is the fact that in "Flashes Before Your Eyes", the black and white stones can be seen in Desmond's apartment. The fact Desmond keeps having flashes is a sign that he is reliving his life and trying to correct it without being fully aware of this.
  • Why then are they lying head to toe and not side by side or arm in arm?
    • Perhaps one died some time before the other, so when the other came to the point of death he or she lay down beside the corpse as it if were a crypt (in which case one would be unlikely to embrace a corpse).
Aaron and Ji-Yeon. Aaron and Ji-Yeon somehow travel in time and die on the island.
Bernard and Rose. In "S.O.S.", Bernard tells Rose that they can never leave the Island. The white and black rocks could simply be clues to their ethnicity. They might have activated the fail-safe key like Desmond and traveled/affected their past (if the fail-safe key allows travel into the future, it is more likely they traveled into the future). In this experience, Desmond met them or subconsciously saw them, and painted the two on the mural inside The Swan. Or, because of Rose's special qualities and the fact that Bernard is her soul mate, they are able to remain alive on the island for an extremely long amount of time and they are still there when time loops back around and starts over.
Jack and Juliet. Jack took the stones from the skeletons when they were first found by him and Kate. It is possible that he holds onto the stones until his and Juliet's death inside the caves together. If there is some sort of time loop on the Island that has happened before, this could be the case. The stones could be from Juliet's zen garden, which shows two stones in the sand - one black, one white ("The Other Woman").
Ben and Annie. Annie is still alive, either somewhere on the Island or off the Island. She and Ben are reunited and finish their lives together on the Island. This could explain why Ben still holds onto the dolls she gave him. He holds them together to be reminded that some day they will be with one another again.
Natives from opposing groups. They were inhabitants of the Island (DHARMA, Hostiles, Others etc.), but what is more important they were from opposing groups and the stones mean they were respected enough to be buried together- indicating their differences with a black and a white stone.
Jacob and an unknown female. In the last chapter of Genesis, Jacob is buried in a cave with Leah. Since Adam and Eve are created in the first chapter of Genesis, the survivors use of them as a nickname could be a hint. The Room 23 video also alludes to Jacob as a godlike being which suggests that his presence may not be physical, consistent with his death.
Jack and Kate. Jack convinces Kate to go back and find the Island with him.
  • Foreshadowed by Hurley when he asks Jack, "So, what's up with you and Kate? You guys going to move into a cave together, or what?" in "House of the Rising Sun".
World War 2 servicepeople. The white and black stones may symbolize they were on different sides, perhaps similarly to the movie Hell in the Pacific.
Related to Jacob. In the Bible, Adam and Eve are related to Yaakov (Jacob), so maybe they are relatives of Jacob, which makes it seem that he has been on the Island longer than the Others.

Miscellaneous

  • Given the reference to an anagram in the episode "Not in Portland", it is interesting that one can rearrange the letters of the backwards message on the Room 23 video, "only fools are enslaved by time and space", into a sentence that will include "Adam and Eve".
    • The anagram can include "lost on isle".
    • Here is a complete anagram, though a bit clumsy: "Fans: Adam (Ebony), Eve (Pearl) end Lost cosily". This anagram refers to the notion that Adam and Eve may actually be the last two inhabitants of the Island, and references the two stones. Cosily is an alternate, old spelling of cozily: if they were the last inhabitants, then at least one of them had to lay down in that exact position to die.
  • Interestingly, there is an apocryphal book of the New Testament, written in Syria in the 4th cent., called "The Cave of Treasures." The book chronicles the "first 5,500 years" of human history and describes how, upon banishment from Eden, Adam and Eve settled in a cave. It is in this cave that they begin to sire the "good people" that make up the human race. Meanwhile, the exiled Cain, is starting his own extended family in the valley below. These are the "bad people," who engage in all sorts of wickedness. The conflict between these two groups comprises most of the first "2,000" years.
  • Two islands are famous in the Tongan mythos : 'Ata and 'Eua. They are told to be children of the primal being (Tonga) and the first places where Melanese people from the west came and settled. They are also parabolized as the first oceanian couple. Oceania is populated by two major ethnic groups : Polynesians (white) and Melanesians (black). [1]
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